Most of the people don’t understand, what the terms ‘Fertile’ and ‘Non-fertile’ eggs mean. In fact, what we people are consuming on a daily basis are non-fertile eggs, while those eggs, which are used for the incubation process are the fertile ones.
For those people who are unaware of the term ‘Incubation’, it means the process of hatching eggs under the controlled circumstances to get the chicks.
Eggs can be hatched through Egg Incubators, which are available in the market or can be manufactured at home on your own. There are various ways to manufacture Homemade Chicken egg incubator, depending on the needs and demands of the hatching.
The various types of the Egg Incubators include Wooden Box Egg Incubator, Styrofoam Incubator, Vanity Cabinet and many others. There are a certain set of rules to follow while using a homemade Egg Incubator, which can drastically improve the conditions and environment within the Incubator meant for hatching eggs and thus can improve the efficiency (which some sections of people often complain of).
Here, we present you some guidelines to follow while using the homemade Chicken Egg Incubator:
- Take equal care of eggs before incubation
Paying attention to the eggs before the start of the egg incubation process is highly needed as failure to do so result in the decrease in overall hatching efficiency of the eggs. After receiving eggs, don’t leave it unused for more than 7 days, while making sure that the eggs are not subject to the temperature change.
Also, keep a note of the humidity levels and one must keep the eggs in between 70% to 80% of humidity.
- Placement of Incubator
The placement of the egg incubators must be decided with proper care. You must note that the egg incubator must be placed at a place where the temperature must be between 70 and 75 degrees Fahrenheit. Also, you must not keep the Incubator where it receives direct sun rays.
- Organizing incubator for proper working
The proper arrangement must be made, in concern with the egg incubators. Various aspects must be considered when it concerns to the egg incubators. Things like no toppling of eggs and no placement issues are the ones when it concerns to the egg incubators.
- Preparing the eggs for hatching
The next step in using the egg incubator is preparing the eggs for the incubation process. As the turning of eggs is very important for the better hatching, eggs must be prepared accordingly. You can mark one side of eggs ‘X’, while the second side can be marked as ‘Y’, just to indicate which side is egg hatched.
The humidity is one aspect of the conditions for better hatching. The humidity levels in the egg incubator must be kept at the best levels. As mentioned earlier, the humidity level must be kept at 70% to 80% for the optimum hatching process.
Also, keep a small pan of water to maintain the humidity and keep an eye on the changing weather as it affects the conditions within the egg incubator.
The temperature is just one of the conditions alongside humidity, which plays a key role in the hatching process through the egg incubator. The temperature must be kept at around 70 to 75 degree Fahrenheit and most often we noticed that the poultry farmers use 40 W Bulb for the purpose.
Ventilation must be kept at the best conditions so that the fresh oxygen level is maintained. As the eggs are about to hatch, the need of freshness increases!
- Incubation duration
The incubation period for the chicken eggs should not be more than 22 days. Generally, the whole process takes 21 days.
- Turning Eggs
The eggs which were marked in the initial process of placing in the egg incubator must be turned towards the next side. You should turn eggs usually three times a day, beginning from the morning and continuing till night.
- Eggs Candling
In fertile eggs, you will notice a small black spot, which is the embryo. In infertile eggs, the contents will be clear, while in an egg with a dead embryo, there will be a ring of blood around the yolk or a dark spot stuck to the shell.
Incubation ending process
Remember that you must not turn eggs after the 16 days of being placed in an egg incubator. Also, avoid opening your egg incubators, uselessly. Remember that the chicks obtained after the incubation period of 22 days are generally considered as unhealthy.